Assessing a Fleece for buyers and sellers

Many handspinners and felters like to start with a raw fleece which they can prepare themselves.  In the Sources & Stockists of British Wool section there is a page for British Fleeces.

However a frequent question is "what are people looking for when they buy a fleece?"  A very sensible question, since good fleeces for hand spinning need to have certain qualities, and farmers wanting to sell fleeces direct to hand spinners need to know what the spinners will be looking for.

One phrase that does crop up is 'the lace curtain effect'.  This means that the locks of wool separate so easily from each other that when you hold a fleece up it starts pulling apart and you can see right through it.

Here is a North Ronaldsay fleece opened out

North Ronaldsay fleece opened out

Here is the same fleece held up and starting to separate to the point of almost falling apart.  This is what hand spinners are looking for.

Fleece opened out

Here are some links to web pages, blogs, and articles that explain what an idea handspinning fleece would be like and how farmers can make minor adjustments to their shearing to maximise the value of their fleeces for handspinners.

Farmers & wool producers not familiar with some of the terminology associated with fleece & spinning fibre may find helpful this list of fibre and spinning terms from ispindle

The following topics and more are all linked from this NFC Page

  • NFC Customer Guidance - includes general helpful information
  • Commission Shearing FAQs - includes general helpful information
  • Notes on Alpaca Shearing and Maintaining the Quality of Fibre
  • Advice on Washing and Storing Raw Fleece
  • Small Scale Yarn Making Information Sheet

One source that isn’t on line, but back issues are still available  - the March 2011 issue 4 of YarnMaker magazine has an incredibly informative and detailed article with lots of photos written by Liz Lovick on how to assess fleece (link to all back issues here - there have been other helpful articles on fleece in other issues)

Note - Liz's article on assessing fleeces can now be downloaded as a pdf here.

The Knitting Genealogist blog post Wool Sort 101  Very detailed post with lots of photographs about how to deal with a fleece from unwrapping to washing, with some extra historical information on the subject.


British Coloured Sheep Breeders Association - About Fleece


From Accidental Smallholder

From  Kennixton Sheep - All About Fleece

From WoolWench - free ebook to download as pdf. How to Choose a Good Fleece (you need to register with the website, but it is free)

Blog post from Jennigma, with excellent photos and lots of detail all about how to sort a fleece

Wool Assessment Information from Shaltz Farm - also information there about how to wash fleece and shearing advice

YouTube video, Fleece Shopping Tutorial filmed at the Maryland Fleece & Wool Festival, USA.  (Note that there are differences between how fleeces are prepared and presented in USA, importantly being the lack of VM - vegetable matter - in these fleeces.  American spinning friends find UK fleeces incredibly inexpensive, but would not accept the amount of VM we have in many fleeces in UK)